How much does it cost to disability remodel?
Remodeling a home or space to accommodate a disability can require a great deal of work in almost any room. For this discussion we will examine the requirements and some of the costs associated with the bathroom, kitchen, and exterior of the home. A project such as this must not be viewed as a "DIY" project, and several contractors will be necessary for the job in order to ensure that every bit of work is up to code.
- According to Hanley Wood and their "Remodeling" magazine the average kitchen "update" in which countertops and cabinets are installed along with new sinks and flooring would run at an average cost of "$20,320". To do a similar bathroom "update" which replaces the tub, toilet, vanity, and flooring would cost approximately $9,020. Lastly, the group prices an average deck addition similar to the type needed for a ramp assembly at $9,370. The total average return on investment for the three separate projects is 83%. This means that the homeowner who invests roughly $38,700 in a disability remodel will be able to see around $34,065 for their effort at the time of sale.
- If we assume that this upgrade occurs in the "average" home of 2,250 square feet, of which the work comprises 1/3 of that footage, then the average cost will be roughly $57 per square foot. This pricing structure assumes that carpenters charge an average of $70 per hour, electricians between $65 to $85 per hour, and plumbers between $45 and $65 per hour.
- Architectural design services to ensure that modifications are up to code. This should require no more than 10 - 17% of the total building budget;
- Arrange any required demolition, excavation, or site preparation - Average costs are going to vary according to the level of work necessary;
- Provide electrical wiring and lighting to code - This is going to depend upon the amount of work required, but electricians average from $65 to $85 per hour.
- Provide plumbing to code - The average plumber is going to base their pricing on each individual element of the project. For example, most come in at an average cost of $45 to $65 per hour, plus materials.
- Kitchen at 200 square feet:
- 30 linear feet of cabinetry using medium-grade oak cabinets installed at a 30-inch height. Average of $117 to $140 per linear foot for a total of $4200;
- Replace 30 linear feet of laminate countertops - Average of $20 per linear foot, for a total of $600;
- Install mid-level sink and faucet - Average price for a shallow sink designed specifically for a disability remodel is $220 to $380, plus installation;
- Resilient vinyl flooring - Average of $25 to $35 per square yard, for a total of $156; and
- Doorways adjusted to 32" width will require eight hours of carpentry.
- Bathroom at 200 square feet:
- Handicap white toilet - Average cost is $147 plus two hours of installation;
- A wheelchair accessible vanity (2'10" in height) - Average cost is $600 to $900, plus six hours to install and plumb;
- Two-piece fiberglass shower stall (min. 3'x4'6") - Mid-range models run $1100. Most jobs are completed in twelve hours for a $1800 to $2000 total;
- Resilient vinyl flooring - Average of $25 to $35 per square yard, for a total of $156
- New thermostat installed at suitable height;
- Grab bars as needed; and
- Doorways adjusted to 32" width.
- Deck/Ramp (requires slope of 1:16 to 1:20 across a minimum 30' length and 36" width):
- Pour concrete footings - Average price of concrete is $75 per cubic yard, with piers and the full slab it that would require roughly 6 cubic yards and would cost at least $450;
- Ramps must comply with ADA guidelines, this means a landing of 5' a run of 30' and a maximum height of 28". There will be handrails and edge protection meaning adequate lumber consisting of 2x4, 2x6, and 4x4 posts is required.