Tile Flooring Installation Cost

The average cost of installing tile flooring is $700 - $2,000.

In this guide

Indoor vs outdoor tiles
Textured vs smooth tiles
Subfloor
Characteristics
Types
Marble vs porcelain tile
Installation and labor 
Sealing
Removal of old flooring
Type of flooring depending on room
Enhancement and improvement costs
Additional considerations and costs
FAQs

How much does it cost to install tile flooring?

Tile floors come in many varieties including po

rcelain, cement, ceramic, terracotta and unglazed. Tile is incredibly durable and can be installed indoors and outdoors and make for a perfect flooring material. Tile floors are popular due to the many benefits they offer, such as durability, variety of options, healthiness, and little maintenance.

The average cost to install tile flooring for a 200 sq.ft. area is $700-$2,000. This price includes materials and installation fees. This price varies depending on many factors including the brand, material, type, installation company, etc.  

Indoor vs outdoor tiles

Choosing the perfect tile for your home can be difficult. It can be hard to determine the best types of tiles to use indoors and which ones to use outdoors. If you choose the wrong type, the tiles could become damaged due to weather conditions. Here are a few key points to take into consideration when choosing indoor and outdoor tiles:

  • Indoor tiles cannot handle frost or direct sunlight. Outdoor tiles can handle these conditions as well as many more.
  • Outdoor tiles should have a texture to their surface to prevent any slipping. Some outdoor tiles have a gritty surface that provides good traction if the tile becomes wet.
  • Outdoor tiles have more of a glaze than indoor tiles.
  • Outdoor tiles must be frost-resistant to withstand the cold conditions of winter.
  • The most common indoor tiles include: ceramic, porcelain, slate 1, and marble.
  • The most common outdoor tiles include: ceramic, stone, porcelain, terracotta, and mosaic.

Prices differ between indoor and outdoor tiles. Outdoor tiles typically tend to be more expensive than indoor tiles. Outdoor tiles average in price from $1-$35 per sq.ft. Indoor tiles average in price from $0.50-$16 per sq.ft.

Textured vs smooth tiles

Along with having to consider the pattern, color, size, type, and grout 2 of the tile, it is also important to consider the texture of the tile. Whether you choose a textured or smooth tile, this can have a big impact on the performance and look. There is a slight difference in price between smooth and textured tile. You are likely to pay a couple dollars more for textured tile than smooth. This chart compares some of the differences between textured and smooth tiles.

DifferencesSmooth TileTextured Tile
Aesthetics

Glossier look, more luxurious

More upscale look for bathtubs, showers, countertops, backsplashes 3

More natural look

More visual appeal, perfect for fireplaces or entry ways

Cleaning

Easier to clean

Clean using a sponge or mop to get t

he grime and dirt Shows dirt more than textured tile

Harder to clean due to its nooks

Have to use a bristled brush to get through the nooks

Hides dirt better than smooth tile

TemperatureFeels cooler to walk on

Warmer to walk on

Can use it throughout the house, comfortable

TractionLess traction, slippery when walkingMore traction and grip when walking


Measurements

The process of taking measurements for a floor will differ depending on the shape of the room.

To properly measure a floor that is rectangular or square, you need to determine the room’s length and width. You then multiply the length by the width to get the square footage. For example, a room that is 12 feet wide by 12 feet long will need enough tile for 144 (12x12) square feet.

For an area that is circular, take measurements on the floor by using the formula Pi x(diameter/2)^2, where Pi=3.14. This will give you the square footage.

For an area that is triangular, you take measurements on the floor by using the formula Area (height) x (length) divided by  2. This will give you the square footage.

For an area that is a trapezoid shape, you take measurements for the floor by using the formula (length + weight) divided by 2 times the height. This will give you the square footage.

Subfloor

If the subfloor 4 is made out of concrete, then the installation of underlayment 5 is unnecessary. Other types of flooring, such as vinyl 6, do not need to be torn off if they are in good condition. Make sure to never apply the tile directly to the plywood 7 subfloor 4. If replacement or subfloor 4 installation is necessary, you may need to hire a professional carpenter. Tile flooring requires a subfloor 4 that is designed to account for a rigid flooring material which requires no fluctuation or movement. A concrete subfloor 4 or subfloor 4 built with exterior plywood 7 are the best options for underlayment 5 for tile. The average carpenter charges $70 per hour of work and should need 2-3 hours to complete a 200 sq.ft area. To save some money, it is best to remove old flooring before they begin their work.

Characteristics

Grade

A tile grade is a numerical ranking that reflects the tile quality. The three possible tile grades are listed in the chart below with a simple description and cost range for each.

GradeDescriptionAverage cost/sq.ft
Grade 1

The lowest quality floor.

Designed with a thinner tile and is used for walls.

These are not allowed on floors.

$2-$7
Grade 2

Quality is similar to Grade 1 with slight imperfections.

Good for walls or floors.

$6-$12
Grade 3

Highest quality floors.

Recommended use for walls or floors.

$9-$18


Tone

Tiles can differ in tone from one to the next. There is a multi-shaded grid that indicates the variations in tone of the tile. Most tile colors have these variations in tone,  except for pure colors suc

h as black and white. There is not a difference in price between different tile tones.

Frost resistance

Frost resistant tile is a product family which can withstand freezing/cold winter weather without damage. Packaging for tiles intended for exterior use will indicate whether the tiles are frost resistant or not. If tiles are not frost resistant, they can crack when exposed to cold weather. If tiles are frost resistant, a snowflake will appear on the tile box. Frost resistant tiles range in price from $3-$18 per sq.ft.

Water absorption

Another important consideration in purchasing tile is considering its water absorption (W.A.) rate.  Expressed on tile packaging as an umbrella shielding rain, the W.A. is calculated by determining the amount of water absorbed by a tile as a percentage of the tile’s weight. In general the more resistant a tile is to water absorption, the more it will cost. The chart below outlines the different classifications of water absorption along with a short description and average cost. Impervious and vitreous tiles are more expensive than semivitreous and nonvitreous tiles.

TypeDescriptionAverage cost/sq.ft
Nonvitreous

High Water Absorption (more than 7% water absorption)

Not suitable for areas with a lot of moisture such as bathrooms or outdoors

$1-$5
Semivitreous

Moderate Water Absorption (3%-7% water absorption)

Not suitable for wet rooms such as bathrooms

$2-$6
Vitreous

Low Water Absorption (0.5%-3% water absorption)

Suitable for wet rooms such as bathrooms and outdoor rooms

$4-$8

Impervious

Lowest Water Absorption (less than 0.5% water absorption)

Suitable for all exterior and interior uses

$6-$10

C.O.F

C.O.F or the Coefficient of Friction is a value that represents a tile’s natural resistance to slip. It is measured by the force required to move an object across the tile, divided by its weight. The C.O.F i

s denoted by a sliding person icon on the tile box. The range of C.O.F is between 0-1. Lower C.O.Fs indicate less friction, meaning the floor will be more slippery by providing less traction. Higher C.O.Fs indicate more friction, meaning the floor will be less slippery, with higher traction. A C.O.F. greater than 0.5 is recommended for residential application and a C.O.F greater than 0.60 is recommended for commercial applications. There is not a difference in price between different tile C.O.Fs.

PEI

PEI or Porcelain Enamel Institute Wear Rating is a measure of a tile’s resistance to abrasion. This measure will reflect suitability for floor traffic. The icon used to denote PEI is a bit drilling into a tile, found on tile boxes. Tiles with lower PEI ratings tend to be cheaper by a few dollars compared to tiles with a higher PEI rating. Tiles with a lower PEI range from $1-$6 per sq ft. and tiles with higher PEI ratings average between $2-$8 per sq ft. The chart below shows the difference between the PEI ratings of tiles.

RatingDescription
PEI I

Lowest Resistance

No foot traffic

Not suitable for floors (walls only in residential/commercial applications)

PEI II

Low Resistance

Light foot traffic

Wall areas and floor areas with little foot traffic (residential bathrooms)

PEI III

Light - Moderate Resistance

Walls, floors, and countertops with normal foot traffic

Tile for residential, not commercial uses

PEI IV

Moderate - Heavy Resistance

Suitable for residential and light commercial uses

PEI V+

Highest Resistance

Suitable for all residential and all 

commercial uses

Heavy traffic


Types

Picking the right tile can be very overwhelming with all the different types on the market. There are so many options with different looks and prices. Below are some of the most common types of flooring tiles and their prices.

TypeDescriptionAverage price (per sq.ft)
Travertine

Type of limestone 8 with an earthy tone

Not recommended for kitchen floors as it can be easily scratched and stained

$2.50-$5
Ceramic

Mix of clay, water, and minerals

Affordable, durable, easy to install

Many designs an

d colors

$2-$7
Porcelain

Type of ceramic tile but denser and less porous

Good for use on floors, walls, and backsplashes 3

Easy to clean, variety of styles

$3-$7
Slate 1

Type of metamorphic rock that is durable and dense

Available in darker earthy tones

Excellent choice for kitchen and high traffic foot areas

$4-$10
Stone

Granite, slate 1, travertine, marble, onyx, sandstone are examples of stone tile

Good for backsplashes 3, walls or floors

Can be damaged by water or acid so extra maintenance

$6-$15
Glass

Good for backspl 3

ashes 3 and walls

Colorful, reflective, easy to clean

Some for use on floors

Expensive and difficult to install

$7-$30
Cement

Handmade from natural materials

Good for floors, backsplashes 3 and walls

Resilient and beautiful

Pricey

$9-$17
Marble

Metamorphic rock that has veining and a variety of colors

Not recommended on kitchen flooring

$9-$20
Granite

Igneous rock that is very hard and dense

Excellent choice for kitchen floors and high traffic areas

$10-$40


Marble vs porcelain tile

Beyond the appearance of tile, there are more things to consider such as maintenance, cost, durability etc. Marble and porcelain are two very popular materials used in flooring. The chart below indicates the differences between the two types.

DifferencesMarble TilePorcelain Tile
Appearance

Natural stone, unique appearance

Light colors can look translucent

Luxurious feel, smooth surface

Made from clay

Variety of textures, colors, patterns

Look of natural stone or hardwood, but cheaper

Use

Not suitable for wet or humid areas such as bathrooms, basements or kitchens - will absorb moisture

Can be slippery when wet because of its polished finish

Good for areas with a lot of traffic

Grout 2 is used for areas with humidity or water

Durability

Good wear with proper maintenance, cleaning and sealing

Immediate clean up from spills

One of the most durable floors It is solid, thick, and hard

Does not absorb moisture so it is ok for spills

Maintenance

Requires sealant to prevent stains

Reseal every 6-12 months

Easy to clean

Requires surface sealant to make it less vulnerable to moisture

Cost$3-$5 per sq.ft. for materials and $5-$10 per sq.ft. for installation

More expensive.

$5-$15 per sq.ft. for materials and $4-$9 per sq.ft. for installation


Installation and labor 

A carpenter charges an average of $70/hour for the installation of a tile floor. The installation process completed by a carpenter includes the following:

  • Surface preparation: the surface will be inspected to make sure it is smooth and dry for the best installation. The carpenter will patch any holes or uneven areas. In this step any trim, molding or appliances that interfere with installation with be removed.
  • Layout: the carpenter will lay out loose tiles from the centerline of the floor to the walls. This will help determine if any tiles need to be cut smaller to fit.
  • Prep work: an adhesive mix will be created. He/she will place it on the ridged setting bed for the tile. Using a tile cutter, the tile will be cut as needed.
  • Installation: after the surface has been primed, the layout created, the adhesive applied and the tile cut, the carpenter will install the tile. He/she will start in the middle and work their way out in a grid pattern. A twisting motion is used to keep them from sliding. Once the grid is installed a mallet or hammer will be used to ensure they are leveled. The floor will need to set for at least 24 hours before walking on it.
  • Grouting joints: after the tile has set for 24 hours, the carpenter will then grout 2 the floor or fill the joints. He will use a grout 2 float or squeegee to force the grout 2 between the joints,flatten it, and remove any excess. Once the grout 2 is dried, the tile will be cleaned before applying any polish or sealant.

Sealing

Sealing new tile and grout 2 is extremely important to keep it in good shape for many years. Sealers can provide up to 10 years’ protection from discoloration, scratching, wearing, and contaminant build-up. Sealing a tile floor is an additional cost averaging from $0.55-$1.50 per sq.ft. Average sealing jobs take on average 3-4 hours for a 200 sq.ft room. It is important to let the sealant dry (average 24 hours) before coming into contact with the new tiles.


Removal of old flooring

If you are replacing old tile, the floor has to be prepared for removal of old flooring. This includes an assessment of the existing subfloor 4. If the subfloor 4 needs to be replaced, this could cost an average of $22 per 4x8 sheet of plywood 7. A carpenter will charge an average of $70 per hour and can get the job done in less than a day.

Type of flooring depending on room

Below is a chart that indicates what type of tile is good based on room type.

TypeRoom Type
TravertineEntryways, kitchens, bathrooms, paved patios, and garden paths.
CeramicBathrooms or kitchens.
PorcelainKitchens, basements, and bathrooms.
Slate 1Excellent choice for kitchens, bathrooms, and high traffic areas.
StoneGood for bathrooms.
Glass

Good for backsplashes 3 and walls.

Not for floors.

CementGood for floors, backsplashes 3 and walls.
MarbleLiving rooms and bedrooms.
GraniteGood for flooring throughout the home.


Enhancement and improvement costs

Floating tile floor

A floating tile floor is an enhancement project that can be completed when installing a tile floor. Floating floors are composed of any tile type, whether ceramic, porcelain or glass, and is not attached to the subfloor 4 but attached to itself. Floating floors are becoming extremely popular and have had great reviews. Some benefits to a floating floor include no spacing issues, zero mortering, and a simple plastic tray becomes a base for the tile.

A carpenter will charge on average $70-$95 per hour to complete the project. The time it takes to complete the job depends on the size of the room, the type of tile, and if removal is necessary. A floating floor for a 200 sq.ft. area will average anywhere from $4-$30 per sq.ft. and will take less than a day to install.

Additional considerations and costs

  • If you are installing tile in a bathroom, consider installing tile with a rough or textured finish rather than glossy. Glossy surfaces can be slippery when wet.
  • When ordering tile, it is important to purchase 10%-15% more than needed to account for any mistakes, breakage or future replacement that may be necessary.
  • Installing large tiles in a smaller room can dominate the room, so they should be used only in larger rooms.
  • In most states in the US, flooring professionals need to be licensed.
  • It is important to get quotes from a minimum of 3 professionals before hiring one to do the job. That way you can ensure you aren’t paying for more than the job is worth.
  • Ask about a timeline before the job is started so that you can work around your schedule.
  • You can save money by purchasing the tile and other materials yourself, rather than getting charged extra by the installer.
  • DIY tip: before beginning the tiling process, remove tiles from different boxes and mix them to ensure that the color differences don’t form a pattern in your floor.
  • Start laying tile in the center of the floor and then work out toward the walls from that point.

FAQs

  • How do you tile a bathroom floor?

The process of tiling a bathroom floor includes measuring the floor, preparing attaching the underlayment 5, and then deciding on a tile type (suitable for high traffic and non-slippery). Next decide on a tile layout, cut and place the tiles down. A thin layer of mortar 9 will need to be applied to the bottom of each tile before it is finally placed.  Leave the tiles to dry for 24 hours before applying the grout 2.  The grout 2 will also need to be left to dry for another 24 hours before any sealant or polish is applied.

  • Where do you start laying floor tiles?

When laying floor tiles, it is best to start in the center of the room. That way you can make your way outward and prevent having any tiny fractions on only one side of the room.

  • How do you lay out a tile floor?

Laying out a tile floor is a simple job done by a carpenter. The process includes preparing the substrate, laying out the pattern, cutting the tiles, applying the mastic and laying the tiles.

  • How much does it cost to put in a new floor?

The average cost to install tile flooring for a 200 sq.ft. area is $700-$2000.

  • How much does it cost to install floors?

The cost to install tile flooring for a 200 sq.ft. area is $700-$2000.

  • How much does it cost to install tile per square foot?

The labor cost to install tile per square foot averages from $4-$5 per square foot.

  • How much do you charge to lay tile?

The labor cost to install a tile averages between $4-$5 per square foot.

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Remodeling Terms Cheat Sheet

Definitions in laymen's terms, cost considerations, pictures and things you need to know.
See full cheat sheet.
1 Slate: A fine-grained rock, typically bluish-gray in color, that can easily be split into thin layers and is commonly used as a roofing material
2 Grout: A fluid form of cement used to seal the joints between tiles. It also makes the surface stronger because it bonds the tiles together
3 Backsplashes: The upright surface, often made of tile, behind a kitchen counter, sink, or stove, that protects the wall from damage from splatter due to kitchen activities
4 Subfloor: The bottom-most layer of a floor, supported by joists, over which finished flooring material is laid
5 Underlayment: Roofing material laid underneath roofing tiles to seal the roof, preventing leaks
6 Vinyl: A synthetic plastic made from ethylene and chlorine. Vinyl has many applications in the construction industry and it is widely used in sidings, window frames, roofing and gutters, among others
7 Plywood: An engineered construction material manufactured from thin slices of wood glued together in alternating grain patterns for strength
8 Limestone: A type of sedimentary rock, made up of mostly calcite and aragonite
9 Mortar: A mixture of Portland cement or lime or a combination of both, sand, and water used to bind bricks, stones, and concrete masonry units together

Cost to install tile flooring varies greatly by region (and even by zip code). To get free estimates from local contractors, please indicate yours.

Labor cost by city and zip code

Compared to national average
Albuquerque, NM
-14%
Anaheim, CA
+21%
Apex, NC
-5%
Arlington, TX
+6%
Athens, GA
-9%
Atlanta, GA
+24%
Auburn, WA
-1%
Austin, TX
+13%
Baltimore, MD
+12%
Bronx, NY
+32%
Brooklyn, NY
+16%
Charlotte, NC
+6%
Chicago, IL
+40%
Cincinnati, OH
+6%
Colorado Springs, CO
-3%
Dallas, TX
+10%
Dayton, OH
-7%
Denver, CO
+1%
Dupont, WA
-1%
El Paso, TX
-28%
Evington, VA
-28%
Fishers, IN
+9%
Fort Lauderdale, FL
+2%
Fort Worth, TX
+6%
Fremont, CA
+35%
Fresno, CA
-6%
Garland, TX
+8%
Henderson, NV
+10%
Houston, TX
+24%
Hubert, NC
-35%
Hutto, TX
-5%
Indianapolis, IN
+6%
Inglewood, CA
+9%
Irvine, CA
+23%
Jacksonville, FL
-1%
Jamaica, NY
+35%
Kansas City, MO
+4%
Las Vegas, NV
+7%
Los Angeles, CA
+11%
Mentor, OH
-15%
Miami, FL
+1%
Midlothian, VA
-3%
Minneapolis, MN
+25%
Nashville, TN
+21%
New York, NY
+77%
North Hollywood, CA
+11%
Oakland, CA
+36%
Oklahoma City, OK
-12%
Pensacola, FL
-19%
Philadelphia, PA
+40%

Labor cost in your zip code

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