Toilet Installation Cost

The average cost of installing a toilet is around $350.

In this guide

Types of toilets
Style
Height
Flushing
Bowl shape
Trapway
Rough-in
Labor
Waste pipe installation
Popular toilet brands
Enhancements and improvements
Additional considerations and costs
FAQ

How much does it cost to install a toilet?

If you have a functional bathroom in your home, then you also have at least one toilet in the house. Toilets are an integral part of most bathrooms in the US and serve to remove bodily waste products through a sewer or septic tank system.

The average toilet installation consisting of a standard, float-valve toilet of typical height and size costs around $350 to purchase and install.

Types of toilets

While a toilet may seem pretty straightforward, many different types are available. Each one functions in a different way that may work better for your home.

Gravity fed toilet

Gravity fed toilets are one of the most common type of toilet. They literally use gravity to pull the waste through the pipes along with large amounts of water. As water amounts per flush have dropped from 6 gallons to just around 1 gallon, however, they are often no longer effective.

Vented toilet

Vented or vacuum assist toilets push a gust of air through your vent pipe prior to opening for the waste. This gush of air creates a vacuum that pulls the waste through. This is a good solution for toilets on the first floor of a structure. They require a stack line, which must exceed the height of the roof by two feet in order to be effective.

Dual-flush toilet

Dual-flush toilets are ideal for people who want to save water. They use a water-saving flush for liquids only and a standard flush for solid waste. They usually have two buttons in place of a lever, which is located on top of the tank to allow you to choose which flush you want.

Pressure-assisted toilet

Pressure-assisted toilets utilize street-pressured water to push your waste through the pipes. Use them in basements or other areas where the waste must travel up. They are noisy with a sound often described as a plane taking off when flushed.

Double-cyclone toilet

Otherwise known as the “self-cleaning toilet,” this toilet uses jets to circulate the water through the bowl in a cyclone motion, cleaning it and pushing everything to the exit. These toilets are not as readily available and not made by every manufacturer.

Macerating toilet

Macerating toilets are a great idea for slab installations or areas where you do not have a traditional waste pipe. They cut up the waste into small particles before pushing them through. Macerating toilets can be installed literally anywhere and use tubes and pipes in the walls instead of a standard waste pipe.

Waterless toilet

Waterless or composting toilets are a way to install a toilet where you do not have any plumbing. Instead of using water, you use organic compounds to compost 1 the waste, which can be used to fertilize non-edible plants. They are frequently installed in RVs and outdoor areas but are becoming an increasingly popular option for some interior bathrooms as well for homeowners who want a greener option.

ToiletProsCons
Gravity fed ($100)

Inexpensive

Does not require stack line

Effective on upper floors

Needs lots of water to be effective

Not as eco-friendly

Cannot be used on ground floors or basements

Vented ($100)

Inexpensive

Uses less water

Very efficient

Requires a stack line

Not as effective in basements

Dual-flush ($180)

Eco-friendly

Provides options

Fewer styles to choose from
Pressure-assisted ($250)

Very effective

Can be installed in basements

Very loud

Uses a wider tank

Not eco-friendly

Double-cyclone ($500)

Keeps the bowl cleaner

Very effective flushing action

Expensive

Fewer styles to choose from

Macerating ($600)

Can be installed anywhere

Does not need a waste pipe

Few styles to choose from

Expensive

Requires room in walls

Waterless ($900)

Eco-friendly

Can be installed anywhere

Expensive

High-maintenance


Style

Toilets come in a wide range of styles and colors that you can use to complete your bathroom design. Many fixture manufacturers make bathroom “suites” where the detailing of the toilet matches that of the sink, tub, and even faucets. This can be used to quickly create a cohesive bathroom design, although you pay a premium for these designer fixtures.

You also pay a premium for any color other than white. Most manufacturers have their own white, with some toilet manufacturers making two or three whites to coordinate with the sinks or tubs of other brands. Biscuit, almond, cream, or other shades cost more.

Beyond the way that a toilet looks, its style can also impact other things such as how it feels, how easy it is to clean, and how it fits into a room. That is where different toilet “styles” can change.

There are a few different toilet styles that you may want to consider. The first is a two-piece toilet. This is a standard toilet where the bowl and tank are two separate pieces bolted together. It is less expensive but usually taller and more traditional looking.

A one-piece toilet is a single molded piece where the tank and bowl are already connected. It has a shorter back and more contemporary look. The choice between a two-piece and one-piece toilet usually comes down to looks and cost, but one-piece toilets are also easier to install and clean.

Wall-hung toilets are another contemporary design. They have a carrier installed inside the wall that they hang from, so the tank is usually concealed. They can work well in contemporary spaces, as well as small bathrooms where seeing the floor beneath the bowl makes the room appear larger.

A less common style that can also be helpful to some is the corner toilet. This toilet has a normal bowl but a tank that extends to a corner in the back, allowing it to be installed in corners to save space.

Another less common style of toilet is the stainless steel toilet. This toilet - and in some cases toilet/sink combo - is made entirely out of stainless steel, which can give your bathroom a very modern look. These are also easy to keep clean and will not chip or develop faults in the finish like a china toilet will.

In some extremely high-end homes, you may also find toilets that have been plated in gold or another precious metal. While expensive, they provide a very interesting appearance in the room.

Height

When discussing the height of a toilet, in most cases, this refers to the height of the seat. The height of the tank or back of the toilet can be a personal taste for style, but it is the seat height that really matters.

Most toilets have a seat height of 15 inches from the floor to the rim, not including the seat. This is known as the “standard height.”

This is the most commonly sold toilet height in the US. However, in the last decade, a different height toilet known as the “universal height” or “comfort height” has also become available in most brands and styles.

In a universal height toilet, the rim-to-floor measurement is 17 inches, which is the height of a chair when you include the seat. This means that you do not need to bend your knees as far to sit down, making it more comfortable for most users. Tall users and people with mobility problems benefit the most from this height, but nearly anyone can use it.

A short toilet aimed at children is also available from a few manufacturers. It has a rim-to-floor height of 12 inches, but it is very uncommon because children grow out of it quickly.

Flushing

Toilets flush in different ways. Most use the flapper system, which operates by pulling a chain to lift the flap and let water into the bowl, which in turn pushes waste out. Tower systems use an enclosed mechanism, which is more efficient and powerful at flushing.

In addition, dual-flush systems are available, which change the amount of water used with each flush. Liquid only uses less water than solid waste. This system usually operates with a pair of buttons that allow you to customize the flush.

Touchless flush systems are available as well, using two methods. In one, a sensor 2 located above the toilet detects movement and activates the flush valve when you stand. In the other method, closing the lid of the toilet seat flushes the toilet for you with no additional valve or lever necessary.

Bowl shape

Most toilets come with a selection of bowl shapes as well. The shape of the bowl can influence both the comfort to the user and how well the toilet fits into a space. Toilet bowls come in three shapes:

Elongated bowls

Elongated bowls have an oval-shaped bowl that extends farther. They are more comfortable to sit on, but they take up more room. So in small bathrooms, they may not pass code or may appear to be too large.

Round bowls

Round bowls have a perfectly round front that is shorter and does not extend as far. It is less comfortable to use but fits better in small bathrooms.

Compact elongated bowls

Compact elongated bowls are a compromise between the above two styles. They are less common and more difficult to find, but they have a smaller profile than elongated bowls while fitting better into small spaces.

Trapway

The trap or trapway is the pipe that the waste travels through to exit the toilet. In a standard toilet design, the trapway is exposed and merely glazed over with the same porcelain finish as the rest of the toilet. This can make the sides of the toilet difficult to clean, as the top of the trapway tends to collect dust.

A skirted toilet smooths out the sides of the trapway for a sleek finish. This makes the toilet easier to keep clean.

A concealed trapway is similar to a skirted trapway but actually hides the trap inside a rounded base with a removable cover you can access. Concealed trapway toilets have moveable sizing inside the concealment, so they fit in multiple spaces.

Rough-in

One of the most important, but often overlooked, measurements of a toilet is the rough or rough-in. This is the measurement of how far the waste pipe in your floor is from the wall. In the past, toilet waste pipes popped up anywhere, and the toilet was modified to fit. Today, they come in three sizes - 10-inch, 12-inch, and 14-inch, with 12-inch being the most common or “standard” size.

To find a toilet’s rough-in measurement, measure from the finished wall above the baseboard to the center of the bolt cap on the floor. If it measures 9 to 10 inches, this is a 10-inch rough, 11 to 12-inches indicates a 12-inch rough, and 13 to 14 inches indicates a 14-inch rough.

Concealed trapway toilets fit any of these measurements because the trap can move inside the concealed portion to fit differently sized roughs. Other toilets must be purchased to fit the size of the rough-in measurement to ensure a good fit.

Labor

Toilets are a very simple thing to install. As long as the waste pipe is in good condition, the installation consists of setting a new wax ring around the pipe, placing the toilet, locking it down, and connecting the supply hoses. This takes 1 to 2 hours on average, at a rate of $45 to $65 an hour. This makes installation costs between $45 and $130, with around $90 to $100 as the average. Keep in mind that these costs do not include the supply lines or valves, and if the older ones cannot be reused, they must be replaced with new models.

If the waste pipe needs to be replaced or there are other issues, then expect a longer installation, which will cost more.

Waste pipe installation

Sometimes the waste pipe of an existing toilet has corroded and needs to be replaced. Other times, you may wish to move the waste pipe to a new location in the room. This raises installation costs considerably. Installation will take closer to 6 to 8 hours at $45 to $65 an hour, and the pipe itself costs about $150, for a total of $420 to $670.

While most bathroom fixture manufacturers make at least one toilet, there are a few manufacturers that most people trust.

ManufacturerAttributesAverage costs
American standard

Suites available

Range of flush technology

Some color choice

$100 -$400

Eljer

Corner toilets available

Range of colors available

Range of flush technology

$100-$300
Kohler

Many suites available

Designer styles

Many colors

$100-$800
Toto

Many designs available

Modular roughs available

Advanced flush technology

Eco-friendly options available

$200-$1,000


Enhancements and improvements

Smart toilet

Smart toilets are available from some manufacturers. These include options like MP3 players, self-closing lids, and a built-in 3 bidet. Costs start at $1,000.

Heated toilet

Heated toilet seats are available to fit any existing toilet. These may also have other features like bidet wash and self-closing lids. These start at $100.

Self-cleaning toilet

Self-cleaning toilets are available as well. They circulate the water through the bowl to help keep it clean. They start at $500.

Urinal

You may wish to add a urinal to your bathroom in addition to a toilet. Urinal costs start at $200.

Bidet

A bidet is another feature you may wish to consider. Installed alongside a toilet, a bidet helps reduce toilet paper use. Bidet costs start at $1,000 installed.

Additional considerations and costs

  • If you are interested in an eco-friendly toilet, look for the WaterSense label. These toilets have been tested to meet EPA standards for performance and efficiency.
  • Toilet installation costs can vary and may increase if the plumber finds an unexpected leak, cracked flange, improperly sealed wax ring, poor caulking 4 that caused leaks and water damage, or a leaky flush valve that caused damage.
  • Most plumbers charge to remove the old toilet. If you take it to a disposal facility yourself, you can save money. Doing this job yourself can cost as little as $5.
  • Most plumbers advise that you do not use drop-in toilet bowl cleaners. These may contain bleach, which can eat away at the rubber components in the tank, void your toilet’s warranty, and cause leaks.
  • Before you purchase a toilet, make sure you measure the dimensions of your bathroom to be sure that it will fit and that you have enough space to walk in front of it comfortably.
  • Eco-friendly toilets, which use less water to flush, are available as well. Look for those that use less than 1 gallon of water per flush.
  • Air purification systems are available with some smart toilets and toilet seats. They spray a deodorizer into the bowl when you flush.

FAQ

  • How much does it cost for a plumber to install a toilet?

It takes a plumber 1 to 2 hours at a rate of $45 to $65 an hour to install a toilet, so between $45 and $130.

  • How much does it cost to install a toilet and sink?

It would take a plumber 2 to 4 hours to install a toilet and sink at a rate of $45 to $65 an hour, so between $90 and $260.

  • How much does it cost to have a toilet moved?

Having a toilet moved can take up to 8 hours and involves a new waste pipe. This costs around $12,000 in most cases.

  • How far can you put a toilet from the stack?

If the toilet needs a stack to vent, then ideally, it should be located in line with the stack or have the bathroom beneath the line.

  • Can you reuse a toilet?

If the toilet is in good condition, with no leaks, you can reuse it in a new bathroom.

  • How do you temporarily remove a toilet?

To temporarily remove a toilet, loosen the bolts holding it to the flange on either side. Turn off the water supply, and disconnect. Flush the toilet to drain, then uncouple the bolts. Lift the toilet straight up and off the pipe, and stuff a rag into the pipe to keep sewer gasses from entering your bathroom.

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Remodeling Terms Cheat Sheet

Definitions in laymen's terms, cost considerations, pictures and things you need to know.
See full cheat sheet.
1 Compost: A natural substance derived from plant, animal, or mineral matter that is added to soil in order to make it more fertile
2 Sensor: Device that responds to a physical event or change in the environment by emitting an output signal
3 Built-in: An item of furniture, such as a bookcase or set of cabinets, that is built directly into the structure of the room. Built-ins are therefore customized to the room and not detachable
4 Caulking: A chemical sealant used to fill in and seal gaps where two materials join, for example, the tub and tile, to create a watertight and airtight seal. The term "caulking" is also used to refer to the process of applying this type of sealant

Cost to install a toilet varies greatly by region (and even by zip code). To get free estimates from local contractors, please indicate yours.

Labor cost by city and zip code

Compared to national average
Albuquerque, NM
-14%
Athens, AL
-40%
Athens, GA
-9%
Austin, TX
+13%
Birmingham, AL
+6%
Boca Raton, FL
0%
Boise, ID
-11%
Boston, MA
+40%
Bridgeport, CT
+43%
Cary, NC
-5%
Chandler, AZ
-2%
Charlotte, NC
+6%
Chicago, IL
+40%
Cincinnati, OH
+6%
Colorado Springs, CO
-3%
Columbus, OH
+5%
Corpus Christi, TX
+4%
Dallas, TX
+10%
Dayton, OH
-7%
Denver, CO
+1%
Des Moines, IA
+1%
Detroit, MI
+16%
Escondido, CA
+9%
Fort Worth, TX
+6%
Henderson, NV
+10%
Honolulu, HI
+35%
Houston, TX
+24%
Huron, OH
-20%
Jacksonville, FL
-1%
Kalamazoo, MI
+2%
Kent, WA
+9%
Lawton, OK
-38%
Leander, TX
+4%
Lewisburg, KY
-43%
Little Rock, AR
0%
Littleton, CO
+2%
Los Angeles, CA
+11%
Madison, OH
-15%
Memphis, TN
+11%
Miami, FL
+1%
Milwaukee, WI
+12%
North Las Vegas, NV
+7%
Oakland, CA
+36%
Ocala, FL
-25%
Oklahoma City, OK
-12%
Orlando, FL
+2%
Philadelphia, PA
+40%
Phoenix, AZ
0%
Pittsburgh, PA
+9%
Raleigh, NC
-3%

Labor cost in your zip code

Last modified:   
Methodology and sources