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Porches add style, utility, and value to homes. Whether you add a front porch, back porch, or sunporch, this extra outdoor living space enhances your property. Porches come in many shapes, sizes, and styles. They can be large wraparound front porches in a farmhouse style, or they can be small entryway porches that shelter visitors from the rain. They can be made of many materials and placed anywhere. For this reason, the cost to build a porch has an enormous range of associated costs.
The national average range is between $12,000 and $30,000. Most people spend around $20,000 for a 16 x 20-foot front porch with asphaltroofing, wood decking, and laminated wood pillars. This project’s low cost is around $5,000 for a simple portico with sheet metal roofing and a single concrete step. The high cost is $50,000 for a 20 x 25-foot wraparound porch with exotic wood decking, metal tile roof, decorative elements, and wide front steps.
|Cost to Build Porch|
|National average cost||$20,000|
Many porches have similar components, such as flooring, roofing, stairs, and columns. The materials and the size and amount used differ, meaning that costs vary.
Because there can be so many porch variations, it is difficult to give a cost breakdown that encompasses them all. The following breakdown is for a standard front porch with wooden decking and basic porch materials in a classic elevated style. Costs include material and labor prices where applicable:
|Permit||$100 - $500|
|Railing||$400 - $1,200|
|Columns||$1,000 - $3,000|
|Foundation||$1,000 - $3,000|
|Roof||$3,000 - $6,000|
|Flooring||$5,500 - $10,000|
Front porches come in all shapes and sizes. They can be simple front steps with a small roof for visitors or large farmer-style porches. Each has different appearances, attributes, and cost ranges to consider:
|Type||Average Costs (Labor Included)|
|Front Stoop||$4,000 - $10,000|
|Portico||$4,000 - $20,000|
|Rain||$10,000 - $25,000|
|Back Porch||$12,000 - $30,000|
|Lanai||$12,000 - $30,000|
|Sun Porch||$12,000 - $30,000|
|Sleeping||$15,000 - $30,000|
|Wraparound||$20,000 - $60,000|
|Veranda||$20,000 - $60,000|
The cost of a front stoop ranges from $4,000 to $10,000. Front stoops are not porches because they often do not have a roof. They may have an awning to provide shade. They usually do not contain columns but may have a railing 1. They are comparable with small porches because they have a standing area at the front door. This area can be large enough for one or two people or hold a few chairs.
A front door portico costs between $4,000 and $20,000 on average. This is a front stoop with a roof and supporting columns. It may be elevated or ground level, and it can have a railing or be open. Like the front stoop, it can be small enough to hold one or two people or large enough to hold several chairs. Porticos are often added as a more decorative way of bringing attention to the front door area than as a usable porch. Porticos can add dimension to the front of a home and increase curb appeal.
Rain porches average $10,000 to $25,000. A rain porch is a standard front porch large enough to hold seating. The roof extends past the edge of the porch’s floor so that the rain flows away from the porch interior. Anyone sitting on this porch in the rain will not feel any spray from the falling rain. This can be good for homeowners in warm climates that see frequent rainstorms.
A back porch costs between $12,000 and $30,000 on average. There can be many types of back porches. They can be identical to standard front porches - essentially a deck with a roof. Or they can be a screened-in sun porch or another structure. Some are even situated away from the home, with a small walkway connecting them. Back porches are a good alternative for homeowners who want more shade in aggressively sunny climates.
A lanai ranges from $12,000 to $30,000 on average. Lanais are similar to sun porches or ground-level porches used near pool areas in warm climates. They may be screened in or have movable glass walls that can be opened or shut. Many are a blend of an indoor and outdoor living area. They are often an extension of a patio or indoor flooring. A roof and possible walls protect the area from the elements.
A sun porch or Florida room averages $12,000 to $30,000. Sun porches have many names, from Florida room to 3-season porch to screened porch. They can even be in the same category as a lanai, depending on the area where they are installed and what is beyond them. Screened-in porch costs are similar to the costs of other porches. The screening-in does not add considerably to the costs, mostly because they do not have columns or other items. The absence of these often makes up for the increased cost of screening.
Sleeping porches cost between $15,000 and $30,000. Sleeping porches are typically larger or wider than other porches. They are usually positioned for the best airflow. They are screened in and may have a larger rain-porch overhang to keep them dry. They can be installed at ground level or on an upper floor in some cases. However, costs increase anytime they are raised.
Wraparound porches range from $20,000 to $60,000 on average. Wraparound porches line at least two sides of a house. They often wrap at least three sides and, in some cases, all four. Wraparound porches are frequently seen on farmhouses. For this reason, they are often referred to as “farmer’s porches.” They are often wide and long, so their costs are usually much higher.
A veranda costs between $20,000 and $60,000 on average. Verandas are a subtype of wraparound porches. They are large open-air porches that may be elevated or at ground level. They wrap at least two sides of a building and may extend all the way around. They usually have a decorative railing extending around the entirety. Verandas may also be wider than other porches.
There are many porch sizes. Sometimes, your porch’s size is dictated by a few things, such as what you intend to do there like adding seating or tables that extend the width. The total length can be dictated by your home’s length, the length of the house section the porch is attached to, or the porch type. Length is more up to personal taste, while width may be more important based on the function.
|Portico||3 - 6 feet||4 - 5 feet|
|Seating||10 - 20 feet||6 - 10 feet|
|Dining||10 - 20 feet||12 - 14 feet|
|Sunporch||12 - 16 feet||12 - 14 feet|
|Wraparound||20 - 100 feet||10 - 14 feet|
There are two foundations for porches. The first is a pier style with a concrete post in the ground and a beam supporting the porch. This must be larger and stronger than the same posts for a deck because the supports must hold the decking and roof.
The second type of foundation is a slab foundation 2. This is used for a lanai, some screened porches, and other ground-level porches.
On average, pier-style foundations cost $5 - $8 per square foot. A slab foundation costs $3 to $5 a square foot.
|Foundation Size||Pier Average Costs||Slab Average Costs|
|24 sq.ft.||$120 - $192||$72 - $120|
|100 sq.ft.||$500 - $800||$300 - $500|
|200 sq.ft.||$1,000 - $1,600||$600 - $1,000|
|400 sq.ft.||$2,000 - $3,200||$1,200 - $2,000|
|600 sq.ft.||$3,000 - $4,800||$1,800 - $3,000|
Porch floors are different from deck floors, despite the fact that porches are considered decks with a roof. While a deck has supports running perpendicular to the house and decking running parallel to the house, porches are the opposite.
In a porch, the support frame must run parallel to the house, while the decking runs perpendicular. The decking for an elevated deck must be tongue-and-groove and sloped slightly away from the house so that there is no standing water on the flooring.
Porches built on a slab can use other materials for the flooring, such as concrete, brick, or stone. These can be treated more like a patio floor for construction.
|Porch Floor Material||Average Costs per Square Foot (Material Only)|
|Concrete||$2 - $3|
|Pressure-Treated Wood||$7.50 - $30|
|Brick||$8 - $12|
|Stone||$10 - $25|
|Composite||$10 - $50|
Concrete porch floors cost between $2 and $3 a square foot. In this case, you can use your slab porch foundation as the flooring of your lanai, screened porch, or other ground-level space. You can finish the concrete in many ways, including sealing, painting, staining, and stamping. The more you do to the concrete, the higher your finished costs. Labor can increase tremendously for stamped and stained concrete, even though material costs are low. This is not an option for elevated porches but can be good for ground-level porches to keep costs down.
Wood flooring for porches ranges from $7.50 to $30 a square foot. All plank flooring for your porch must be tongue-and-groove, whether you use basic fir or exotic material. This creates a tight, seamless flooring installation for your porch. This, combined with the boards’ placement and slope, helps water run along the seams 3. While pressure-treated wood is the most common, you can use other types of wood for this area.
Brick porch floors average $8 to $12 a square foot. Brick porch floors are also for ground-level porches like lanais. These rooms can be considered an extension of your outdoor space. You may run the same material into your porch as on your pool deck or patio. If you use brick in these areas, you can easily use the same brick for your porch’s flooring. This creates a sense of continuity for the area.
Stone porch floors cost between $10 and $25 a square foot. These floors must also be used for ground-level porches like lanais. This is also a good flooring if you have stone on your patio or pool deck 4. You can create a unified space by running into the porch. Many stone types can be used in this area. If you want to separate the porch from the patio, change the stone’s size, color, or pattern.
Composite porch floors range from $10 to $50 a square foot. Like wood planks, composite planks used for porches must be tongue-and-groove. This makes them more expensive than the planks you might use on your deck. Composites come in many types, styles, and colors. Some are textured and have a grain, while others are fairly smooth. Some get hot in the sun, while others remain cool. Consider your porch’s style and where the sun may hit when deciding on your flooring.
Like your porch can be built of many materials, so can the steps leading to it. Since the steps are a prominent and visible area of the porch, you may want to use a more eye-catching material or pattern to improve curb appeal.
|Material||Average Costs per Square Foot (Material Only)|
|Tile||$1.50 - $10|
|Concrete||$2 - $3|
|Wood||$7.50 - $30|
|Bluestone||$10 - $25|
|Paver||$10 - $25|
|Composite||$10 - $50|
If you choose tile for your front porch steps, material costs are between $1.50 and $10 a square foot. Tile is a great way to make a statement on your front steps. Tile comes in a wide range of colors, styles, and materials. Ensure the tiles you choose are rated for outdoor use. If you live in an area that sees freeze/thaw cycles, ensure your tile is frost-proof. You can choose to tile the treads, risers, or both.
The material costs for concrete porch steps range from $2 to $3 a square foot. Concrete steps are common for a fast, easy, and durable set of stairs. They are poured and cast in a mold and can be poured in place or brought in and set once they are done. These are plain steps, but you can stain them in different colors. If you choose to use a railing with them, you likely need a metal railing, which can be embedded in the concrete. Sometimes, you can also add aggregate to the concrete, such as pebbles, to give the steps a different appearance.
Material costs for wood steps average $7.50 to $30 a square foot. If you have a wooden porch, use the same material for the front steps for continuity. There are many types of wood for front steps. This includes softwoods like fir to exotic woods like teak. For the most cohesive look, use a tongue-and-groove plank to match the porch flooring.
Bluestone front step materials range from $10 to $25 a square foot. Bluestone is a stone with a very classic blue/gray color. This gives you a slightly more decorative look for your front steps. This is a good option if you want to add contrast to your porch. Bluestone’s natural color, texture, and variation have universal appeal. It works well with natural woods and metal, so you can pair it with different flooring and railing 1 options.
Material costs for pavers are between $10 and $25 a square foot. Pavers can be found in many materials. They can be concrete, stone, or brick. They also come in many shapes, sizes, and colors. This can create a more custom appearance for your front steps. This is a good choice if you want your steps to stand out from the rest of your porch.
Material costs for composite planks average $10 to $50 a square foot. You may want to install composite steps if your porch has composite flooring. This gives the most cohesive look between the two areas. Like wood, purchase tongue-and-groove composite planks. Like all composite, consider how the planks look and how they do in sunlight. Composite steps can be more durable than wood, particularly when the steps are not covered.
All porches have roofs to cover the decking or flooring area. A set of prominent or discrete columns holds up this roof, depending on the design. They can also be made of many materials. Depending on how many columns you need and the porch style, you may find that one column meets your needs better than another.
|Material||Average Costs per Column (Material Only)|
|Wood||$40 - $500|
|Wrought Iron||$50 - $300|
|Aluminum||$100 - $400|
|Vinyl||$100 - $400|
|Fiberglass||$100 - $500|
|Stone||$200 - $600|
Wood porch columns cost between $40 and $500. Wood columns come in many types, such as plain pressure-treated columns, solid wood carved columns, and laminated hollow columns. The more decorative a column becomes, the more it costs. Using a solid wood column instead of a hollow laminated column also costs more. Wood combines with other materials for different looks. For example, you can use a short stone column and place a wood column on top.
|Type of Wood||Average Costs (Material Only)|
|Softwood||$40 - $50|
|Pressure-Treated||$40 - $50|
|Laminated||$40 - $50|
|Hardwood||$50 - $500|
Wrought iron porch columns average $50 to $300 each. These are delicate and decorative columns. They are good for smaller roofs. If you have a larger roof, you need to use more wrought iron columns or combine them with another material. These make good columns for porticos and can be used for screened porches, which use a frame. If you choose wrought iron columns, you may want to use wrought iron railings.
Aluminum columns cost between $100 and $400 a piece. These columns are fairly low cost for their size. They are often made to look like more decorative wood columns and cost less for decorative or stylish choices. Aluminum is lightweight and easy to work with while having enough strength to support the roof. They are usually painted white but can be found or painted in other colors. Aluminum oxidizes, so you must paint the columns every few years.
Vinyl 5 porch columns range from $100 to $400 each. Vinyl or PVC columns cannot be used alone. The material is not strong enough to support a porch roof’s weight. Vinyl is usually reinforced with something inside, and the vinyl is just a plastic shell. Aluminum is the most common interior, but some wood types may also be used. Vinyl does not hold up well in very hot or very cold climates and should only be used in moderate climates.
Fiberglass 6 porch columns cost between $100 and $500 each. Fiberglass is often considered the gold standard for porch columns. The material is strong enough to support the roof while also being low maintenance. It does not crack, split, or peel like wood. It also does not crack or warp like vinyl. Fiberglass columns come in a wide range of styles to complement any home.
Stone porch columns range from $200 to $600 each. Stone columns are rarely used alone to support the roof. They are normally paired with wood or another material, which sits on top of the stone. So the stone column may be about ⅓ to ½ the height needed, and the other material extends the rest. Stone columns can be solid stone but are more commonly made of many pieces together. This can include faux stone 7 to keep the costs down.
Porch columns are highly visible parts of your porch design. Therefore, the style is important to reach your home’s full potential. Columns come in several styles and materials to complete the look.
|Style||Average Costs (Material Only)|
|Farmhouse||$100 - $400|
|Colonial||$100 - $400|
|Victorian||$100 - $600|
|Decorative||$200 - $600|
|Craftsman||$200 - $600|
Farmhouse porch columns cost between $100 and $400, depending on the size, style, and material. Farmhouse porch columns are typically fairly plain in appearance. They may be straight squared-off columns or slightly tapered. Depending on whether this is a modern farmhouse, you may also find rounded varieties. Farmhouse columns tend to be thinner than other types. You may need several columns because farmhouse porches tend to be large.
Colonial porch posts range from $100 to $400 on average. Colonials do not necessarily have large porches, but they often have porticos. For this reason, they are more likely to need taller, thinner columns than other designs. The posts are often rounded. To be more decorative, you can find thinner rounded posts with carved sections for a more attention-grabbing look.
Victorian porch posts cost between $100 and $600 on average. Victorians may have full-sized porches or smaller porticos, depending on the design. They often have thinner porch columns than some styles. However, rather than being rounded or squared-off columns, they are more likely to be decorative. Victorian homes typically have many carvings, gingerbread, and other decorative elements. This can often be seen in the columns but not always. Sometimes, a simpler column may be used to not compete with other decorative elements.
Decorative porch columns average $200 to $600 on average and come in many types. They can be made of solid stone with cornices on top or carved wood. They may be tapered at the top and bottom or fluted all the way around. Many decorative columns can be thinner or thicker, depending on the material and design. It is more common to use decorative columns when you only need two to four because porches that need more columns tend to be simpler.
Craftsman porch columns cost between $200 and $600 on average. Craftsman columns tend to be made of solid wood. Some may also be made of wood but sit on top of a partial stone column. They may be tapered or have a mid-century modern geometric appearance. While many homes use white columns, Craftsman homes are likely to use natural wood stains. These columns are usually thicker.
For safety, most porches have a railing. This is particularly true for elevated porches because ground-level porches are more likely to be screened. Like the columns, the railings can be made of many materials and come in many styles.
|Material||Average Costs per Linear Foot (Material Only)|
|Wood||$6 - $30|
|Vinyl||$15 - $50|
|Aluminum||$30 - $120|
|Wrought Iron||$40 - $60|
|Wire||$90 - $120|
|Glass||$150 - $175|
Wooden porch railings average $6 and $30 a linear foot. You have options when it comes to wooden railings. The wood type, which can range from fir to exotic woods, is one. The style is another. The railings and balustrades 1 can be plain or decorative. They may extend to the decking or stop just above it. They can also be purchased as complete ready-to-install railings, or you can have them built to order for your porch.
Vinyl porch railings cost between $15 and $50 a linear foot. Depending on the style and manufacturer, these may be sold in 4 or 6-foot sets. Like the columns, they often have a core of another material to add strength. Vinyl railings are not very strong and can easily be pushed out of place. Like vinyl, this material does best in moderate climates because it can warp in hot weather and crack in freezing weather. Vinyl railings can be found in a few sizes and styles.
Aluminum porch railings average $30 to $120 a linear foot. Aluminum railings can be made of aluminum alone. They can also be combined with wood for different looks. Aluminum can be painted or given the look of wire with a natural metal finish. Aluminum railings are fairly durable but can dent with impact. They come in many styles, from traditional to extremely modern.
Wrought iron porch railings cost between $40 and $60 a linear foot. Wrought iron railings are durable and attractive. The wrought iron is usually more decorative than aluminum railings, making it perfect for Victorian and other very decorative homes. The railings are usually sold in sections roughly 4-feet long. Each section may have a repetitive pattern or connect to those on either side for a larger pattern. You can also have wrought iron railings custom made if you have a specific pattern in mind.
Wire porch railings range from $90 to $120 a linear foot. Wire railings are usually made of aluminum but can be steel. They may have wooden posts and top and bottom wood rails. They may also have larger aluminum or steel posts and rails. These are fairly low maintenance and easy to take care of. They also have a very modern appearance. They look best on contemporary porches and homes.
Glass porch railings average $150 to $175 a linear foot. Glass railings can be found in several styles. They can be made of solid glass panels measuring up to 8 feet in length. They can also be made of smaller pieces attached to a wooden or metal railing at the top and bottom and extend downward in between. Glass railings need to be tempered for safety. In most cases, the glass is also fairly thick. They look best on very contemporary homes.
In most cases, your porch’s roof style should match your home’s roof style. This means that its material and shape should match your home for the most cohesive look. However, you can give your porch roof a different style, depending on your needs and the porch size and shape.
Most porches are built with a wooden frame like the roof of your home. This costs $4 a board foot on average. You may have a metal frame, such as if you wanted to have a clear glass roof. In this case, your costs are closer to $8 per board foot.
Like the roof of your home, your porch roof can be finished in various ways, which completes it and gives your porch style and durability.
Porticos are small porches, so the roof is also small. It is usually a very simple gable roof. This means it has a single peak in the center so that the rainwater drains to the sides. However, a portico can have a shed roof. These are usually used if your home is modern or the portico is smaller.
Gable porch roofs are fairly common. Gable roofs have a single peak in the center. The roof slopes down in two directions from that slope. They are more frequently seen on smaller porches than on wraparound porches. Remember that the porch roof must extend past the porch slightly on all sides. Therefore, gables work best for front porches, but not necessarily for those that continue around corners.
A hip porch roof is a popular roof style. In this case, your roof forms more of a pyramid than a triangle. It slopes evenly to the front of your porch and each side. While a hipped roof on a house slopes to the back, the porch roof usually starts at the house and slopes outward. This is a great roof for adding substance to the front of your home. If you have a larger porch and want to build up the roof to become part of the architecture, a hipped porch roof is a good choice.
Shed porch roofs are the most simple. They are good for modern porches and those who want to use an unusual roofing material like glass. For a shed roof, the roof attaches to the house and extends outward to the edge. If the porch is narrow enough, you may not even need columns to hold it up. This is often the case for glass roofs, which use metal supports attached to the house and do away with columns altogether. Shed roofs can also be used with columns for wider roofs as a very simple, functional roof that slopes away for drainage.
Retractable porch roofs come in several forms. When people discuss retractable porch roofs, they usually mean some type of framed retractable awning. In some cases, you can have a fully retractable hard roof. These can be extremely expensive, up to $30,000, for the roof alone. These roofs do not have columns for support, but they have a permanent frame. The roof retracts into a space below the home’s roof, leaving the frame in place. This can be a good option for back porches where people may want sun occasionally but not regularly.
Your porch roof can be finished in many materials. It is most common to match your porch’s roof to your home’s roof. This gives you the most cohesive look. However, you can mix and match, particularly for modern homes where you may want a different look.
|Material||Average Costs per Square Foot (Installed)|
|Shingle||$1 - $25|
|Aluminum||$4 - $11|
|Wooden||$4 - $9|
|Metal||$4 - $20|
|Glass||$22 - $75|
If you choose to shingle your porch roof, expect material costs of between $1 and $25 a square foot. Shingles come in many styles and materials. They can be simple asphalt shingles or solar shingles. If your home has a shingle roof, try to match that material and style for your porch roof. Having your porch and home roofs match gives your property a cohesive appearance to boost curb appeal. It is best to use the same shingle you already have.
Aluminum porch roofs average $4 to $11 a square foot. Aluminum porch roofs are most often standing seam roofs. This is a type of roof made of panels. The panels fit with upturned edges or seams that stand up from the roof. This is a lightweight and durable roofing material. It can last for years without repair. If you have this roof on your home, match it for the best appearance.
The cost of wooden shakes 8 for your roof is between $4 and $9 a square foot. Cedar shakes are an attractive natural material that can last for years when properly maintained. Like other porch roof types, this roofing looks best if you already have it on the rest of your home’s roof. Cedar shingles require more maintenance than other types. They need to be cleaned and inspected regularly. They also need to be treated with flame retardants to help keep your home safe.
Metal porch roofs range from $4 to $20 a square foot, depending on the type. There are many types of metal roofs. They can be standing seam roofs or metal tiles, with many styles available. You can find metal roofs that look like other materials, such as slate, or simple metal roofs that look like what they are. Metal roofs are very durable and low maintenance. They can last for years with little care, depending on the metal. Match the metal roof of your porch to the roof you have on your home for the best look.
Glass porch roofs cost between $22 and $75 a square foot. Glass porch roofs are different from any other type. These are usually shed roofs with metal or wooden “arms” that attach to the house. Glass panels are secured to this frame, extending outward. Depending on the glass type and style, you can find tinted glass, curved glass, or UV light-filtering glass. This is a very modern roof for porches. They are usually smaller and do not wrap around the home. They do not use columns for support, so they are not typically very wide. This is a good option for those who want to keep the rain off but do not want shade on their porch area.
If you have an elevated porch, you may want to put a skirt around it. A skirt covers the area beneath your porch and hides it from view. Skirts are not necessary to the porch’s function. They are strictly decorative, and you can add one at any time. They come in a range of styles and materials and have varying costs.
|Style||Average Costs per Linear Foot (Installed)|
|Lattice||$1 - $50|
|Vinyl||$4 - $10|
|Brick||$20 - $50|
|Faux Stone||$20 - $50|
|Victorian||$40 - $100|
Porch lattice costs between $1 and $50 a linear foot, depending on the material and style. Lattice is usually made of wood but can be made of vinyl. It can be plain or have a decorative trim added to it. It may be straight up and down so that the pattern formed is made of repeating squares, or it can be turned on a 45-degree angle to create diamonds. Lattice can be painted any color to match other trim on your home or porch. This is a fairly common skirt for most porches because it can be inexpensive and easy to install.
Vinyl porch skirting averages $4 to $10 a linear foot. Most vinyl skirting is made in a lattice pattern. Like traditional lattice, this may be a square or diamond pattern. It may also have decorative trim or be completely plain. Colors are more limited with vinyl because it is more difficult to paint than wood. Most commonly, vinyl skirting is white but can be found in some shades of cream, tan, and hunter green.
Brick porch skirting ranges from $20 to $50 a linear foot on average. Brick skirting can be created in several ways. It can be made using mortar 9 so that you have a solid brick wall beneath your porch. You can also use faux brick panels, which are easier to install and remove. Install brick veneer over a plywood skirt for the illusion of real brick while still being easier to remove. Brick skirts are more common on lower porches than those with a higher elevation.
Faux stone porch skirting averages $20 to $50 a linear foot. Faux stone is sold in panels for this application. The panels are lightweight and fairly easy to install and remove. Faux stone skirting comes in a range of colors and styles. It can look like fieldstone or stone cladding. It also comes in different heights so that it can work on several elevations.
Victorian porch skirting costs between $40 and $100 a linear foot. Victorian porch skirting is incredibly decorative. It is usually made of wood and has repetitive patterns cut into it. These patterns can be subtle or fancy and prominent. Sometimes, they match the spandrels or the decorative section under the porch roof. At other times, the spandrels and skirt coordinate, but with different patterns. Because the skirting is wood, it can be painted in any color. It is common to match the color of the skirting to the spandrels and other decorative trim.
The average labor costs to build a porch range from $60 to $70 a square foot, or between $20 and $40 an hour, depending on how your contractor charges. These prices do not include the material costs but cover all the labor, from the foundation pouring to the finishing.
Because porches can be complex projects, it is very common for a team to consist of many specialists. These include framers, roofers, carpenters, and general contractors. Depending on the porch, you may also need a mason or someone specializing in glass, concrete, or stone.
While you are likely quoted an hourly rate for labor that averages out all the parts, you can break down the various sections by what you pay in labor. Below are the average labor costs for installing a 16 x 20-foot standard front porch.
|Part of the Project||Average Costs (Labor Only)|
|Columns||$70 - $500|
|Skirt||$70 - $500|
|Steps||$270 - $400|
|Railing||$300 - $500|
|Foundation||$400 - $750|
|Roof||$400 - $1,600|
|Flooring||$400 - $2,400|
The labor cost to install porch columns is between $70 and $500. This depends on the material and number of columns. Heavier columns cost more to install than lightweight columns. Likewise, the more columns your porch needs to support it, the higher your overall labor costs. On average, most basic wood columns can be installed for around $35 apiece, with a minimum of two columns needed per porch. If you use materials other than wood or have special requirements, the costs are higher.
The average cost to install porch skirting ranges from $70 to $500. Costs depend on the type and amount. Lattice is quick and easy to install. Brick and faux stone can take longer, particularly if they need backing. Victorian skirting can be painstaking to install. Each piece must line up perfectly with the next so that the pattern continues uninterrupted. These, combined with the amount of skirting, dictate the final cost.
The labor costs to install front steps average $270 to $400. Like the other components, costs range depending on the material. They also range based on the steps’ length and pitch. If your steps need railings or are made with things like tile, expect your labor costs to increase. Simple steps made of wood or concrete tend to cost the least. The more decorative and the higher your steps, the higher your costs.
Average labor costs to install a porch railing are between $300 and $500. Porch railing installations can become labor-intensive. The more spindles your railing has, the higher the costs. This is also true of the railing length. Custom-made railings or railings built to order on-site cost more than ready-made railings, which are simply attached. Some materials may also cost more in labor to install than others.
Labor costs to build a porch foundation range from $400 to $750. In this case, costs vary depending on the foundation and size. Pier and beam foundations have costs per beam. A slab foundation 2 has costs per square foot or cubic yard, depending on how it is sold and poured. The foundation’s size and type can also impact the cost. Porch foundations must be strong enough to hold the weight of the porch and roof. Therefore, they tend to be bigger than other foundations and cost more.
The average labor cost to build a porch roof is between $400 and $1,600. Porch roofs come in different shapes. Some are more labor-intensive than others. Hip porch roofs cost more in labor than shed porch roofs. Likewise, things like the material also impact costs. The more labor-intensive a material is to install, the higher the costs.
The average labor cost to install porch flooring ranges from $400 to $2,400. Porch flooring tends to be fairly labor-intensive to install. The decking needs to be tongue-and-groove and slanted slightly away from the house. This makes it more costly to install than deck flooring. If you have a non-elevated porch, installation costs for the flooring may be lower because they can be as simple as the concrete slab. Material and amount matter as they do in all areas of the porch build.
Not all porches are enclosed, but if you intend on having an enclosed porch, the enclosure material makes a difference in the price. Screen enclosures come in several types and materials. Each has attributes and costs to consider, which impact your project and costs.
|Type||Average Cost per Square Foot (Installed)|
|Aluminum||$2.50 - $4|
|Premium Metals||$3 - $6|
|Fiberglass||$4 - $5|
|Sun-Blocking Screen||$4 - $5|
|Retractable Screen||$20 - $30|
Labor costs for building a screened-in porch are slightly higher than building a standard porch. Average rates range from $72 to $82 a square foot in labor. This is mostly because screened-in porches are more likely to be considered a 3-season room than a traditional porch. They have other things to consider, including how they attach to the main home, which impact costs.
While you do not necessarily need a door to enter your porch from the outdoors, you need a door separating it from your home if you have a screened-in porch. This is important because it can keep energy costs down for screened-in areas that cannot be heated or cooled. You may also want to add a storm door 10 to the screened outdoor area for exiting the screened area directly outside.
|Type||Average Costs (Material Only)|
|Storm Door||$100 - $900|
|French||$500 - $3,000|
|Double||$600 - $5,000|
|Sliding||$800 - $3,000|
The cost to replace a front porch includes the costs of building and demolition. The average demo cost for a porch is between $500 and $1,000. This makes the total average cost to replace an existing porch between $12,500 and $31,000, depending on the size, material, and style.
Some areas may have additional disposal fees, depending on the material your old porch was.
The average cost for porch repair is around $1,500, but some repairs may cost as low as $100 and some significantly higher. Costs range depending on what material your porch is made from and what areas must be repaired. Repairing stairs can be fairly inexpensive at $300, while repairing the roof costs $1,200 or more, depending on the material and damage.
When considering a concrete vs a wood porch, consider its style and placement. Concrete porches tend to be ground level, while wood porches are usually elevated. A wood porch could be a small platform but is rarely installed at ground level. Concrete porches are more likely to be screened in or Florida rooms, while wood porches are more likely to be traditional porches. Deciding on a material means determining the type of porch you want because they produce different styles and functions.
Porches and patios both meet similar needs. They are both outdoor spaces used for relaxing and entertaining. The biggest difference is that the porch has a roof, while patios typically do not. They can have the same flooring, but porches may be elevated and have options for wood decking that patios do not. Of the two, patios tend to be much less expensive, with the average patio costing under $5,000.
Porches and decks also have a lot in common. Elevated porches and decks are both wooden structures that attach to the house. They are both used for relaxing, entertaining, eating, and sometimes grilling. The biggest difference between the two is that a porch has a roof, and a deck does not. The porch’s foundation must be stronger than the deck’s. Porches also typically cost more than decks for this reason, with decks costing between $5,000 and $15,000 on average.
A wheelchair ramp may be necessary for your household, but this adds significantly to your costs. A wheelchair ramp must conform to ADA guidelines and be no more than 30 feet long, and at the top, it can be no more than 30 inches high. This costs between $1,500 and $3,250 on average.
Your porch must be painted or stained if it is made of wood. This may be included in your total costs, but it may be something you need to do separately. Painting typically costs around $50 an hour, with average costs for painting a porch around $500 on average.
While most porches have roofs, you can install an awning instead. Awnings have a range of costs, depending on the type and style. Metal awnings can cost around $800, while retractable awnings average more than $3,000.
Porch fireplaces are not common, but they can be added to any porch type. They are most common in screened-in porches rather than front porches. They have starting costs of around $3,000 for fully installed fireplaces, including mantels and chimneys.
If your porch is wide enough to have seating, you may choose to have it built-in. This has a wide range of costs, depending on the material, sizing, and how many seats. Costs typically start at around $500 to $1,000 and can go much higher, depending on the different variables.
A porch has a roof, and a deck does not. Otherwise, they are similar structures and can be made of the same materials.
This depends on many things, including the materials and style. On average, expect costs between $5,000 and $15,000.
Yes, you need a permit and to follow building regulations. If you have an HOA, you may also need to get permission from them first.
Yes, porches increase home curb appeal and have been known to increase overall value.
This depends on the porch size, placement, and other materials used besides the concrete. The average porch costs $20,000 complete.
This depends on the home’s size, but the average full-sized porch is around 16 feet by 20 feet.
Many calculations go into this, including the post size, porch size, and the load the posts carry. Speak to an engineer or qualified builder to find out your project’s needs.